Did you know…experiences change a child’s brain!
During the birth to 3 period, new brain connections form at rapid-fire pace of 700 a second!! (zerotothree.org)
What you do with a child matters – even simple, everyday things like feeding her, giving him a bath, playing together, and even just talking as you hang around the house. ALL these things change the architecture of his or her little brain.
This is good to know! This means that when we need to help a child learn something new that’s been hard (like TALKING!), we can change how things are going by changing a child’s experiences.
Let that sink in for a second.
Things you do together with a late talker can make a big, big difference! I hope that inspires you today!
Do you know the 2 factors most associated with kids with ASD who become functional communicators even after age 4?
By functional communicator, the study specified that children attained phrases or fluent speech.
It may not be what you think!!
The two factors were: (Wodka, 2013)
Higher non-verbal IQ
Less impaired social interaction skills
My favorite line in the study was this:
These data also implicate the importance of evaluating and considering nonverbal skills, both cognitive and social, when developing interventions and setting goals for language development.
If you want to read the results for yourself, take a look here.
I can help you with those strategies if you need some guidance!
Teach Me To Play WITH You is an entire ‘how-to’ book for targeting social interaction with toddlers.
Structured teaching and improving play skills are your BEST strategy for working on non-verbal cognition. Is It Autism? Treating Toddlers and Preschoolers with Red Flags for ASD has sections and directions for both.
Echolalia is actually a positive prognostic indicator for kids who are on the spectrum. Of children with autism who acquire speech, 85% of them have a history of echolalia (Prizant 1987). When we work with kids who quote movie lines, books, and even previous conversations, we need to remember this AND we need to make sure their parents see the silver lining…
THIS CHILD KNOWS HOW TO TALK!
We just need to tweak it so that he understands what he’s saying and can use all of those words to communicate with others.
If you’d like more information about echolalia, I have some great resources for you!
Read my post Echolalia…What It Is and What It Means for an explanation and description of echolalia.
For very practical treatment ideas, read my post Echolalia…What To Do About It.
There’s a great section about treating jargon and echolalia in my course Is It Autism? Treating Toddlers and Preschoolers with Red Flags for ASD. You’ll see examples and get an initial treatment protocol that’s been very effective for me in my work with young children.
Did you sing today? I hope so! Do you want to know why?
Besides being an activity that (most) toddlers love…
“Music and music experiences support the formation of important brain connections that are being established over the first three years of life (Carlton 2000).”
This means that singing is an EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE.
Every single time you break into song with a child, you’re helping build the circuitry for social and language development. You’re setting the stage for WORDS.
Not to mention, singing with children has tons of other benefits too that encompass all areas of early development including physical, cognitive, and literacy skills. Still need more evidence? Check out this article from zerotothree.org – Beyond Twinkle Twinkle: Using Music with Infants and Toddlers.
It’s well-known among speech-language pathologists that gestures precede words in language development.
Here’s a study that gives us that proof (for those of us who become obsessed with reading the “evidence.”) The conclusion was…
Toddlers who produced a gesture for a particular object learned to say that word (on average) 3 months later.
Granted, this study was for a small group of verbal toddlers who were transitioning from single words to phrases, BUT it has functional implications for treatment for pediatric speech-language pathologists who work with late talkers. Our take-away message is this…
PAY ATTENTION TO GESTURES!
When we see a toddler show us, give us, or point to an object, his little system is ripe for learning!
It could just be that he “needs” that word and is more receptive to learning it.
It could be that he’s revving up himself to be able to retain the word to talk about it.
It could be that he’s telling us…”Hey! I need you to tell me what this is!”
Nonetheless, he’s letting us know… “This word is important… so teach it to me!”
Yes, my little friend, we will!
If you want to know more about the importance of gestures and language development, check out my post Gestures Predict First Words.
the critical window for learning language is birth to 5. Around age 5, a child’s brain is already hard-wired for many things language-related, including grammar and pronunciation. This is why early intervention is so important when we suspect or identify a language delay. “Wait and see” is never, ever a good idea. Get in there and get language going! Read more about brain development in children at Zero to Three.